4-12 – Awarding Free Throws for a Team in the Bonus Depends on Team Control
Knowing which team has control of the ball when there is a foul in bonus situations is crucial in awarding free throws, or not.
A rule concept that manifests itself both during the “testing season” as well as during the playing season involves when there is team control.
At the core of the team control concept is that illegal contact by the team in control does not translate into free throws to the opposition unless there was a shooter involved.
There are only two instances when the ball is “live” that there isn’t a team in control.
The first is immediately after the ball leaves the official’s hand on the jump and continues until a player of either team gains control of the ball. We usually only have one jump ball a game, so this situation rarely comes into play.
The second situation occurs multiple times during the game. Once the ball leaves the shooter’s hand and until the shot is either successful or until any player gains control of the rebound after an errant shot, there is no team control.
Those are the only two times that a live ball is not in team control, during the jump ball, and during a try for goal.
At all other times, a live ball is in Team Control.